Glossary of falconry terms
ACCIPITER. The Latin name for a genus of raptors, the "short
winged hawks" of classic falconry, such as goshawks or Cooper's.
flutter off the fist or perch; an abortive attempt to fly when the bird is
restrained by the leash.
grab and hold onto quarry (or volunteers) with the feet.
perch for a longwing, usually wood.
BLOOD FEATHERS. New
feathers not yet fully grown, whose shafts contain blood at the top.
A leather strap fastened around the leg of a raptor, through which a jess is
straps used to open or close the hood.
young bird of prey which has left the nest, but is still learning to fly and is
fed by its parents.
bacterial corn in the ball of the foot or toes that causes swelling.
Latin name for a genus of raptors; the buzzards of classic falconry. In North
American, redtailed hawks, etc.
hawks flown together, or To hold a hawk for imping, attaching furnishings, etc.
indigestible portions of the last meal of a raptor, usually bone and feathers
that are formed into a compact pellet and disgorged through the mouth.
bare, wax-like skin above the beak.
back or shortening either the beak or talons of a raptor.
CRAB, CRABBING. When
hawks seize each other, either in the air or on the ground.
light line attached to the swivel of a partly trained hawk before she is allowed
to fly loose.
vascular sac above the sternum in which the diurnal raptors first receive and
store food before passing it on to the stomach.
CROP, PUT OVER. The
action of a raptor, when by movements of the neck and shoulders it forces food
from the crop into the stomach.
DECK FEATHERS. The
two central feathers of the tail.
nestling, or young hawk taken from the nest.
referred to the female of the "long winged" hawks (genus Falco); now
applied to any species and either sex of the genus.
action of a raptor of wiping the beak against the perch or the glove after
FLIGHT FEATHERS. The
main feathers used in flight, the primaries.
FOOT, TO. To
strike with the feet, and clutch or bind.
disease of the mouth and throat of birds, most common in pigeons, doves, and
raptors. Shows up as a coating on the mouth, tongue and crop.
FULLY SUMMED. When
a hawk has got all her new feathers after moulting.
HACK BACK. To
offer support to a hawk being released back to the wild.
hawk in mature plumage.
HARD PENNED. When
the new feathers are fully grown and the shafts have hardened off to a quill.
close-fitting leather cap used to cover the head and eyes of a hawk.
method of repairing broken flight feathers by replacing the broken portion with
part of another feather.
learned process which defines the identity of a bird to that which it sees when
its eyes first focus. Imprinted birds cannot survive in the wild and do not
hawk which has moulted in captivity.
straps attached to the legs (tarsi) of a trained raptor.
AYLMERI JESS - A leather bracelet
with grommet and jess.
leather knot made at the end of a leash or aylmeri jess.
imitation bird or animal used to entice the hawk in training.
MAN, TO. To
tame a hawk by accustoming her to people's presence.
MANTLE, TO. To
stand over a kill or food with wings lowered and spread out to hide the food.
building or room in which hawks are kept.
excrement of hawks.
nostrils of a hawk.
migration of hawks. Also, a bird taken during its first migration is called a
feathers of a hawk.
pluck the feathers off the quarry.
and dressing the feathers by running them through the beak; one of the signs of
contentment and good adjustment in a trained raptor.
of prey. Comes from the Latin for "To seize."
raise the feathers slightly before shaking the plumage back into position.
flight feathers of the wing, between the body and the primaries.
central hollow strut of a feather, giving it support.
action employed by eagles, hawks, and vultures of evacuating mutes.
riding of thermals or updrafts by a bird.
rapid descent of a longwing from a height, at quarry or the lure, with wings
device attached to jesses and leash to reduce a bird's entanglement when moving
pieces of meat used to reward or entice a raptor in training or performing.
male peregrine, from the French "tierce," meaning third. The term is
often used for the male of any species of hawk.
tough piece of meat given to a hawk to pull at, in order to prolong the meal and
exercise the muscles of the back and neck.
stretch both wings upwards over the back till they nearly touch and, at the same
time, to spread the tail.
a raptor in the open air in good weather.
WEATHERING YARD. The
area where the hawks are kept on perches.